New Jersey Chemical Face Peel Experts
Our skin covers our body, protects it from sun, weather, physical damage and also protects us from various germs, floating all around us from getting an entry into the body. In the process, it bears the brunt and shows effects of pigmentation, freckling, dryness and sunburns. Our health also reflects on the skin resulting in acne and scars in teens and dryness, wrinkles and lack of luster due to aging. But, if we had a chance to undo some of these effects, and give our skin a new lease of freshness and good looks, who would not like it. Chemical peel is one such procedure that provides us with a long-lasting effect.
What is a Chemical Face Peel?
A chemical peel is a simple, minimally invasive technique used in a dermatologist’s office. It consists of a mixture of mild dermatologically active acids that remove old layers of skin allowing an entirely new skin to grow and glow.
The chemical peel may be composed of alpha and beta hydroxylic acids, lactic or glycolic acids, trichloroacetic acids, and phenol. Their composition would vary according to the depth of treatment being given. These acids act on the skin layers and cause it to dry up, crack and peel off over a different period and allow new skin to grow in its place.
All of them would require an individual ‘ recovery period’ during which the skin needs additional protection in the form of sunscreens and anti- viral medication. You will need moisturizers and keeping out of the sun.
Light Chemical Peel
is done to remove the most superficial layer- epidermis of the skin. It is a day care procedure that can be done by an aesthetician in the doctor’s clinic. Alpha and beta hydroxylic acids are applied and allowed to stay for a few minutes and then washed off and neutralized. The peeling stage may take 3-7 days. A mild change is noted. Several light peels may be required over a period to express a significant change.
Medium Chemical Peel
is most often used by doctors. Trichloroacetic acid, sometimes combining another acid such as glycolic acid, is used. Skin is brushed with the solution, under the doctor’s supervision. Premedication with a mild analgesic and tranquilizer may sometimes be administered. Works best for acne, acne scars, pigmentation due to hormonal changes or exposure to the sun, age marks and wrinkles. Here epidermis, as well as a small portion of the dermis of the skin, are peeled. It takes 7-14 days for the skin to peel off, after which you may go to work, but avoid intense sunlight exposure.
Deep Chemical Peel
is reserved for very deep wrinkles and marks. This procedure requires a longer stay in office and some degree of anesthesia, as it is known to be painful. Phenol is used. It is applied slowly with a 10-20 minute gap between applications to avoid too much phenol getting into the body, and once washed, the face is covered using a medicated gauze. It may take 2-4 weeks for skin to peel. The redness may last for a couple of months. But you can go back to work, in two weeks, on some pain relievers and ointments/creams. The effect lasted for nearly ten years but is to be done only once in a lifetime.
Benefits of Chemical Peels for Face
The benefits of chemical peel are huge and face gets an uplifting that is lasting, accounting for its present- day popularity. Best effect is seen in:
- Acne and its scars
- Pigmentation due to pregnancy, hormonal disorders, pills or sun exposure
- Aging effects such as age spots, wrinkles, lack of luster
- Scars of any origin
The new skin looks younger, fresh, free from blemishes and scars. And has a luster.
Chemical Peels for Acne Scars
Acne is the result of inflammation that occurs in and around a blocked skin pore. The gland gets swollen due to the block, causes irritation to the skin, also becoming a breeding ground for germs. This gland eventually ruptures causing a scar- that may be ‘hypertrophic’– raised above the skin or ‘atrophic’-smaller, but causing depression of skin.
This is the Teenager’s night mare, that, until now had to be carried for life.
Chemical peel reduces the intensity of the scars. And most scars will barely be noticeable.
Side Effects of Chemical Peeling for Face
These effects vary with a chemical used in the procedure.
Light Peel: The side effects are very minimal.
Medium Peel: As soon as the solution is applied, some degree of burning sensation is felt.
Deep Peel: Causes intense pain, and requires anesthesia. Phenol also causes side effects such as changes in heart rate, and some effect on kidneys and liver. People suffering from any of these conditions must inform the doctor during consultation.
All of them take away layers of already existing skin, thus reducing its protective effect against sun and germs. There is a risk of hyperpigmentation when exposed to the sun. This can be avoided by using sunscreens of at least SPF 30. Broad spectrum (for both UVA and UVB rays) and limiting exposure to the sun. Secondly, a flare up of herpes can occur, require anti- viral medication.
Certain people and certain skin colors may have scarring or hyperpigmentation or uneven discoloration of the skin. Any such problems, previously encountered, or a family history of theses tendencies must be discussed with the doctor during consultation.
Unexpected side effects
while most people do not have any major problems, a few, more commonly in deep peels, may encounter scarring, allergic reactions, liver, kidney and heart problems.